Why Do Muslims Go To Hajj in Mecca?

Every year, millions of Muslims go to Hajj in Mecca, fulfilling one of the Five Pillars of Islam, namely to make the Hajj in Mecca, the holy city, at least once in a lifetime if able to do so.

Yet in addition to fulfilling one of the Five Pillars of Islam, what are the spiritual reasons for performing the Hajj in Mecca? Although the reasons for going to Hajj in Mecca may be innumerable, this article sheds light on some of the deeper spiritual aspects of the holy pilgrimage.

Why Do Muslims Go to Hajj in Mecca — Kaba

Why Do Muslims Go to Hajj in Mecca? Unity.

One of the fundamental principles of Islamic Spirituality is the Principle of Unity, derived from tawheed, oneness. Islam teaches that not only is the Creative Power, God, Allah Almighty, One, but so is all of creation and thus all of humanity.

Perhaps in no other spiritual or religious event is this more evident than in the Hajj in Mecca, during which millions of Muslims set aside all differences of race, caste, economic status, nationality, and even sect as they unite in the holy pilgrimage, each donning the simple two-piece white garb of the non-attached traveler, allowing nearly no apparent difference whatsoever between men as they stand together before their Creator.

“All men are equal before God as are the teeth of a comb.”

— Prophet Muhammad (S)

Hajj in Mecca: Malcolm X

Malcolm X Praying Hajj in MeccaAfter initially being indoctrinated in the unconventional belief system of the race-focused Nation of Islam, Malcolm X only began to truly realize the real spirit of Islam after making the Hajj in Mecca, in which he sat, ate and slept shoulder to shoulder with believers of every possible race and ethnicity, all equal before God and united in Divine Love and brotherhood.

Why do Muslims go to Hajj in Mecca?

To overcome the superficial differences the ego uses to identify and separate with. To achieve unity in soul and spirit, unity of heart, and to return to a purified state of oneness, reflecting the holy spirit, nature and presence of God in creation.

Why Do Muslims Go to Hajj in Mecca? Focus.

Our lives, often engrossed and nearly entirely occupied with dunya, the external material world of forms and appearances, leads to heedlessness, unconsciousness and loss of focus, also known as ghaflah. When asking, “Why do Muslims go to Hajj in Mecca?”, one of the most important reasons for the Hajj in Mecca is to assert focus and to regain consciousness.

All created bodies spin in orbits around their centers, axes, and the proper foundation and center for the life of a human being is the Presence of God, a real and authentic holy spiritual connection to the Creator of all-that-is, the One Power from which all things originate.

The Hajj in Mecca emphatically asserts, as throngs of pilgrims circumambulate the Holy Ka’ba in counter-clockwise revolutions, that the center, the focus, the root, source and foundation of man’s life is God-consciousness. There is no more liberating a choice for a human being than to consciously relinquish attachment to creation and to time, and to restore focus on the Eternal, the Unchanging, the Immaterial.

Just as galaxies spin around massive black holes that ultimately result in their annihilation, so too does the life of man revolve around increasing God-consciousness, ultimately resulting in the annihilation of the self, the ego, and through that ‘death’, the awakening to eternal life.

“Die before you die.” — Prophet Muhammad Quotes (SAWS)

 Hajj in Mecca Space Tawwaf — Return to Your Source

Why do Muslims Go to Hajj in Mecca? Context.

Islam is not, and had never seen itself, as an isolated religion or phenomenon. To the contrary, Islam has from the beginning asserted that the descent of the Holy Qur’an and the prophethood of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) were but the final revelation, completing, clarifying and unifying all of that which was revealed before.

Islam, the spiritual path of surrender, did not begin with the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS), but rather began with the first man and woman, Adam and Eve (AS), and continued as the central teaching of all men and messengers of God, including the prophets Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus (AS).

During the Hajj in Mecca, Muslims honor the Holy Ka’ba originally built by Adam (AS) as the first House of God when he awakened on earth, rebuilt by Abraham and Ishmael (AS) centuries later, and finally purified by the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) in the seventh century of the idolatry that had invaded it.

Why do Muslims go to Hajj in Mecca?

To reaffirm their connection to a much larger historical context, and to remember that Islam is not a separate or unique religion, revealed to but a particular people, but that rather Islam is the original message and spiritual path, the Way, surrender and divine harmony, as it has been revealed from the earliest of times to the earliest of human beings as the road to peace and prosperity.

The Hajj in Mecca is thus intended to lead to greater humility and brotherhood with all of humanity in the context of the realization that all prophets and messengers of God taught the same essential truth.

Why Do Muslims Go to Hajj in Mecca? Transcendence.

During the Hajj in Mecca, millions of human beings stand together under the hot sun with nothing but the ihram, a few pieces of white cloth covering their bodies. All the trappings of life have fallen away, all worldly attachments non-existent and left behind. The atmosphere is remarkably reminiscent of the accounts of the Day of Judgement, when humanity will be resurrected and held to face what they sent ahead in deeds and actions.

On that Day, it will not matter what type of car a person drove nor will the square footage of the size of their home be of significance. It will be irrelevant what temporal occupation they had. What will matter is what positive difference one made in the life of another human being. What will matter is the degree of responsibility with which we lived our lives. On that Day, we will not be measured by our bank accounts as we are now, but by the level of spiritual and human development we embraced.

During the Hajj in Mecca, one cannot but be reminded of the life beyond, the life eternal, when the world and all it contains has fallen away and all that matters is the eternal destiny of the human soul.

Why do Muslims go to Hajj in Mecca?

To transcend to whatever degree they are prepared for the world of forms and appearances, to experience life and dignity beyond the limitations of materialism, and to irrevocably grow in spiritual consciousness and awareness.

“The mind, once stretched by a new idea, never returns to its original dimensions.”

— Ralph Waldo Emerson

Why Do Muslims Go to Hajj In Mecca? God.

The holy pilgrimage of the Hajj in Mecca is not a once in a lifetime event to be experienced and forgotten, but rather is a uniquely powerful spiritual experience designed to forevermore change a human being and his or her focus.

For the believer, the Muslim, the center and focus of life is God-consciousness, awareness and clarity. The five daily prayers are meant to continually reinforce this truth, this Way, and the full realization of the Islamic spiritual path is obtained through a deeper realization of the significance of the Hajj.

That realization is that God is not in the Ka’ba, but rather that the Divine Presence is to be found within the human heart, the soul. It was when the great Muslim mystic poet Jalaluddin Rumi realized this divine truth that he began to circumambulate around the center and axis of his very own being, his own soul. And so was born the practice of “sufi whirling”.

God has said, “Neither the heavens nor the earth can contain Me, save the heart of a believer.”

— Prophet Muhammad (S)

Often, we must make the external journey to realize that we carry within us that which we seek.

Hajj in Mecca — Sufi Whirling

Experience the Hajj — Now

By incorporating the intentions outlined in this article, you can get the most out of Hajj. In fact, you can share in these spiritual benefits even if you are not physically performing the Hajj in Mecca.

Keep these principles in mind and make them part of the intention in your daily practice.

1. Seek Unity

Realize and remember that separation is the ego’s method of maintaining a separate and independent existence from God. Love all of humanity, regardless of the superficial differences of culture and creed. In our souls, in our hearts, we are all the same, we are all One.

2. Maintain Focus

Continually maintain focus on Eternity, on the Divine Presence of God, rather than allowing yourself to become overtaken by dunya, the world of form and appearances that continually seeks to distract us and lead us into heedlessness, unconsciousness and loss of purpose. Use the Five Daily Prayers as an opportunity to continually reaffirm your focus and direction in life. Tune in to the power of the present moment.

3. Preserve Context

Remember that Islam is a universal path of peace and brotherhood, and that it’s goal is to move beyond war, conflict, violence and enemies. The goal of Islam, as taught by the Holy Prophet (S) and revealed in the Holy Qur’an, is for humanity to seek and live in peace, differences allowed and human rights protected. The Muslim is the exemplar of human excellence, and this requires a divine degree of love, tolerance and compassion. This requires the transcendence of the self and ego.

4. Pursue Enlightenment

The one veil that separates a human being from the direct experience of the Divine Presence of God is the self, the ego, the nafs. The Islamic spiritual path is designed to ultimately liberate a human being from this limited, finite and selfish personality, and this is only possible through Jihad an-Nafs, the holy struggle against the self.

5. Discover the Divine Presence

Continually turn inward, take advantage of silence and stillness, and learn to dissolve in the perfection of the present moment, the doorway into the Divine Presence of God. Let go of past and future, forgive, and awaken to fearlessness and life, here, now.

Why do Muslims go to Hajj in Mecca?

Ultimately, we go to Hajj in Mecca to realize our true divine destiny and purpose, to become what God Almighty created humanity for — awakened and enlightened spiritual deputies of the One, perfected servants in creation, open, clear, transparent, purified of selfishness, living exemplars of goodness, beauty, light, compassion and love.

Rediscover Islamic Spirituality

The Islamic path to the Divine Presence necessitates tazkiyyat an-nafs, “purification of the self”, and Islamic Spirituality is designed to facilitate and accelerate this process, and to gently guide a human being to enlightenment and peace.

When the Divine Presence is re-established as the axis and center of our lives, peace and prosperity naturally flow from the ocean of Divine Providence. Our lives become healed and whole. And we rediscover balance and divine purpose.

Rediscover Your True Self


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33 Responses to “Why Do Muslims Go To Hajj in Mecca?”

  1. Elsa Romero October 29, 2011 at 4:02 am #

    Thank you for answering the question I always had in my mind, but did not to dare ask. I am a convert and there are things that I still need to learn. I learn something new everyday that passes by.

  2. Nurul Hidayah November 1, 2011 at 9:03 am #

    The way you write this entry is magnificently beautiful, as beautiful as how Islam is. SubhanaAllah, thank you for sending this link to my email or else, I wouldn’t have read it. Do keep sharing more useful knowledge. :)

  3. Shaheen November 1, 2011 at 9:05 am #

    Superb explanations that many will never understand but may Allah the Almighty reward u with abundance of his blessings

  4. Bengt Erik Stendlert November 1, 2011 at 9:18 am #

    Thank you! We need to be reminded again and again and again …

  5. Bismillah Rabbani November 1, 2011 at 11:32 am #

    JazakAllah Khair Brother Ihsan for this concise explaination of Hajj.
    This Dhul Hijjah has been most fruitful, as i have been able to, for the first time, understand the full meaning of Hajj and what we, who are not able to go, can do. Ibadah, as it relates to Hajj, to have a share in Allah’s (swt) many blessings. Fasting, dhikrullah (remembrance of Allah), kindling family ties, doing good deeds, and giving in charity; also sacrificing an animal to give to the poor and needy.

  6. Fatima November 1, 2011 at 5:24 pm #

    ‘Find God. Continually turn inward, take advantage of silence and stillness, and learn to dissolve in the perfection of the present moment, the doorway into the Divine Presence of God. Let go of past and future, forgive, and awaken to fearlessness and life, here, now.’

    I love this. I need to remember this in every moment. Intend to copy this somewhere, so InshaAllah, i can look at it every day and every moment.
    Thank you Ihsan.Beautifully written. Alhamdulillah… wa Shukrulillah…

  7. Halima November 2, 2011 at 5:18 pm #

    Mashallah! A well written and very Informative article. Thank you Ihsan!

  8. Alaweyah November 3, 2011 at 12:05 am #

    Wa Aleykum Salaam Ihsan

    shukran so much, May the Almighty Allah inspire you more. Have a wonderful Eid with your loved ones. and may Allah ta Allah grant all our hujaaj a gadj makbool and mabroor and to reach their homes safe


  9. nazeem November 3, 2011 at 5:33 am #

    Jazak Allah Khair brother..Eid Mubarak!…and keep us in your duas..

  10. Azizah November 3, 2011 at 4:00 pm #

    Alhumdulillah, I have never had the purpose of Hajj explained like that. So clear and practical. As opposed to just saying we go to hajj because it is one of the five pillars. Thank you brother for outlining the spiritual implications behind tawaf, can you give explanation for the other Hajj rites, like running between Safa and Mawra, cutting of hair etc? I really enjoy and can apply the information that is given about the rebirthing the spiritual aspects of Islam.

  11. irum November 5, 2011 at 1:41 am #

    Thank you so much for your Efforts Ihsan Bhai to bring us back to our real self and real being.

  12. Ihsan November 5, 2011 at 8:41 am #

    Ameen, may Allah Almighty accept the Hajj of all pilgrims and the sacred intentions of the entire Ummah, and may we all return to the light, grace and beauty of Islam.

  13. Muhammad December 30, 2011 at 7:32 pm #

    SubhanaAllah, thank you for sending this link to my email. Do keep sharing more useful knowledge. Jazakallah

  14. fuah May 29, 2012 at 11:50 am #

    whatever i believe in myself!!!!!!!!!!!1

  15. Seeraj September 14, 2012 at 1:22 am #

    Aslmu Alkm i have found this article because a revert to islam asked me to get him an answer on the question ,Algamdulila shukran to you brother for a clear and informative explanation and may guide and protect you always Amien


  16. ayesha October 25, 2012 at 4:05 am #


  17. sub October 27, 2012 at 7:50 pm #

    Does God really lives in this house or it is a symbole…? if symbole then why it is the fundamental of your faith.. to visite an empty home which is non then brick and wall with black cloth on top to hide it?

    • Ihsan November 6, 2012 at 5:00 pm #

      According to Islamic belief, God does not live in the Kaba or any other “house”, but is ever-present. Of course, even this explanation is a simplification of the truth, which would take far more to point to. As to why do Muslims make the pilgrimage to Mecca and perform the Hajj, I suggest you read the article above ;-)

  18. Hidiah Adbur Rahim October 29, 2012 at 1:59 pm #

    Alhumdulillah InshaAllah i make it there

  19. jess November 5, 2012 at 10:04 am #

    not helpfull :P

  20. sak December 2, 2012 at 10:27 pm #

    this is so informative im sure ill get a A*

  21. mohammed February 4, 2013 at 1:36 am #


  22. Mustapha March 3, 2013 at 2:33 am #

    Gives never luck.you always give and God will bless you.

  23. Arian March 3, 2013 at 1:24 pm #

    What a wonderful, informative and concise explaination. I specially love the way and the words you used to explain Hajj.
    Well done, and may Allah rewards you for this.

    • Ihsan March 5, 2013 at 5:14 pm #

      Thank you, Arian, may Allah Almighty continue to guide us all. Best of blessings!

  24. Noor March 24, 2013 at 6:02 am #

    A very good and touching website.Very good quotes the P.B.U.H mentioned

  25. Edetter October 7, 2013 at 2:58 am #

    What I still cannot understand is the fact that; as Quran revealed that all human-being are equal and we go to Mecca to attest to that right? Okay why are black Muslims treated badly in must of the Arab countries? the pilgrimage have being performed for centuries yet people’s attitudes stays the same in regards to equality. Is there something bad being black that we the black community should know? Why is slavery still existed in Arab countries I had visited recently and accepted by their respective governments? Why is it that black Muslims have more freedom in Christian countries than Muslim countries? Thanks in advance.

    • Ihsan October 7, 2013 at 8:49 pm #

      Greetings and peace! If the Muslim world were truly following the spirit of Islam, our entire world would be a blessed and happy place. Alas, unfortunately, we have lost the way. However, it is now time for change, and for a spiritual revolution within the Muslim community. A revolution of personal evolution, one that will light the way forward for humanity. May Allah guide us all towards His divine will, towards love, tolerance, compassion, sincerity and freedom from the ego-self which is the source of selfishness, arrogance, pride, enmity and separation. Be blessed!

      • Edetter October 8, 2013 at 4:57 am #

        Thanks Ihsan and blessing to the al-mighty Allah for your response. I was really a believer to Islam whole heartedly to motivate me to travel and see the brothers in Islam in the Middle east last year from the 01.03.2012-17.5.2012. I was really dismayed and disappointed when I saw the condition meted on my black brothers. Then I said to myself is Islam then for black people because what I red in Quran is very different from what I am now witnessing. Yes one can say it has nothing to do with Islam but then again Islam is originated from Arab countries and the Quran was assembled by them too, therefore all Muslims are looking the perfection of Islam through the behaviours of Arabs.

        I am still praying 5 times a day with a very weak conviction. Must of the black Muslims I met throughout my journey have their own stories to make me cry like a baby I had even taking some photos and videos on the condition even thus they have been living in these countries for generations still they cannot get their liberty but stay forever as slaves with the acceptance of their individual governments Morocco,Egypt, Tunisia, Iran, Iraq, Saudi just to name few I had visited. I am now assisting Muhammed and his family from Iraq and as well as Billal from Morocco respectively. Thanks again for your response God bless you.

    • Neelo October 7, 2013 at 11:43 pm #

      I know that so many things are being done wrong in the Arab countries which has nothing to do with Islam. It is the people who get corrupted not the religion. Sometimes, I have seen Moslims abusing the Islamic teachings to gain whatever they want, mostly money and power. May God help us all to find our own flaws and work on our own limitations and also May He help us finding good leaders in all our Islamic countries. Ameen.

  26. Ali kedir October 10, 2013 at 4:47 am #


  27. hajj package April 3, 2014 at 10:17 pm #

    It would have helped had she given a brief background on “Hajj” which is one of the five fundamental pillars of Islamic faith…Furthermore, a chronological sequential description would have made a lot of sense…

  28. Emily James April 16, 2014 at 4:12 am #

    The Hajj is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, which are the five duties that every Muslim must follow in order to be a true follower of this religion. It is the pilgrimage to Mecca, which is the holiest city for all Muslims in the world. Every able-bodied Muslim is supposed to manage at least one trip to Mecca in his lifetime. However, if he can’t do it himself, he can also make someone else go on his behalf.

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